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To all of Maitland descent -
this is a history which we all share. 

Origins - 1000 to 1250 in Normandy, Northumberland and Scotland,
Mediaeval Maitlands in Scotland
Secretary Maitland 1558
Chancellor Maitland 1584
The Duke of Lauderdale 1616 - 1682
18th Century, Soldiers, Sailors, active in North America
19th Century - Soldiers, Sailors,
Economist, Historian, Impressionist Painter

20th Century - Politicians, Academics
Heraldic Description of the Chief's Coat of Arms

Origins - Normandy,- Northumberland and Scotland

                                                       

We believe that we descend from one common ancestor; a Mautalent of Les Moitiers d’Allonne, in the Cotentin Peninsula of Normandy. King David I of Scotland, on the introduction of King Henry I of England who had purchased the Cotentin in 1088, granted lands in Scotland to younger sons of families from the Cotentin Peninsula. A Mautalent was given a fief in what was then the southern part of Scotland. For more details, see Origin of the Maitlands  It is now Northumberland in England. This took place around 1130. We believe that we are all descendants of that  individual making us all truly kinsfolk. It is a very rare and unusual name. Mautalents are still living to-day in Normandy and sixty Mautalen families live in the Bearn area near Pau just north of the Pyrenees.

The Border Clan of Maitland is one of the oldest Clans and its history interwoven into the rich and beautiful tapestry of the Border history. Are we a clan?  Yes - clan means family, and in 15th and 16th century Scots legislation, directives referred to "clannis, both hieland and lowland".

Maitland has evolved through the ages with a number of name spellings. In the Middle Ages very few people could pen their own name, the nobility used priests to write for them. Hence, they told their names to scribes who interpreted them in their own way, as they thought it to be.  In some cases, our name is spelled two ways in one sentence! So don't be put off by spelling variants when researching your own history.

Mautalent

1066

Montalent

1066

Robert Maltalent

1138

Richard Maltalent

1170

Robert Maltalent

1196

William Maltalent

1200

William Mautalent

1209

Thomas Maitland

1213

Gilbertus de Maltalent

1215

W Mautalent

1221

Thomas de Matulent

1227

Thomas Mautalent

1227

William Matalent

1228

William Matalent or Mautalent

1220-40

Richard Mautalent

1230-36

Robert Mautalent

1252

Sir Richard de Mauteland

1258

Ricardus Mantaland

1258-60

Various spellings were used, based mainly on Mautalent until from around 1345 the use of Maitland became more frequent. From 1450 the spelling settled down as Maitland.   See more detail at Mautalent to Maitland.

Richard  Mautalent is first recorded in 1230 in connection with a lawsuit, and by 1258 he has become Sir Richard de Mauteland. The first official records of the name in Scotland date back to 1221 when W Mautalent was one of a number appointed to settle a dispute between churches of Glasgow and Kelso. In 1227 with Thomas de Matulant appears as witness to a charter by John de Landeles of Hownan to the monks of Melrose, and is described as a Knight (this time as Thomas Mautalent) in another charter to Melrose. William Mautalent later witnessed a grant by Hugh de Bygis in 1228. Between 1220 and 1240 William Mautalent appears as witness in other Kelso charters in which he and others are described as 'servientes abbatia’(this means one of the administrative, lay staff of the abbey). 
'de Mautalent' occurs as a name from time to time, but the 'de' means 'of' in French, i.e. Richard of Thirlestane, whereas Mautalent is a nickname or  family name, not the name of a place, so a reference to 'de Mautalent' is generally an error.

Mediaeval Maitlands
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Sir Richard  Mautalent, the earliest undoubted ancestor of the family of whom any substantial amount is known, probably came from ‘Chivington’ (Chevington), in Northumberland. He married Avicia, daughter and heiress of Thomas de Thirlestane and thereby acquired the lands of Thirlestane, Hedderwick and Blyth in the Scottish Border country before 1258. It has long been known as Lauderdale, a valley running south-east of Soutra Hill, south of Edinburgh. 

Old Thirlestane, the original home of the Mautalents in Lauderdale

Sir Richard defended his castle against English invaders including Edward I of England (1272 — 1307).  He married Avicia, daughter of Thomas de Thirlestane, an old established Northumbrian family, who wife Agnes had held Thirlestane, and another castle at Abertarff on Lochness for about twenty years after her husband's death until her daugher was old enough to marry Richard.

It is known that his son, William of Thirlestane was a follower of Robert the Bruce (1276 — 1329).William called Burd—alane, eldest son of Sir Richard, referred to himself as ‘Willelmus Mautaland filius Ricardi Matalent'. He was in possession of Thirlestane by 1293.

Robert is traditionally the eldest son of William Burd-alane. He had from King David II of Scotland (1329-1371) a charter of the lands of "Ladystoun, Bagvie and Boltoun luxia aquam de Tyne’ and confirmation from the same King in 1345 of lands of Lethington which he held of Giffard of Yester.  From the terms of a charter to their son, his wife appears to have been a sister of Robert Keith, Marshall of Scotland.

With his brother, Robert was killed at the Battle of Neville’s Cross, near Durham on October l7th, 1346. Twelve thousand Scots were defeated by an English army led by King Edward III. Approximately seven years later King Edward invaded Berwick; a campaign of flame that was called the Burnt Candlemass. The tallest candle was the Abbey church of Haddington. This was at the very doorstep of Lethington (now Lennoxlove) which was also a Maitland stronghold.

Sir Robert had four sons, John, William, Robert and Alexander. The eldest, John Mautallent, died in 1395. He and his younger brother was the founder of the two earliest Maitland lines as these are now known. The Aberdeenshire Maitlands stem from Robert.   Robert Matilland married the daughter and heiress of Schivas of that Ilk: floreat (alive in) 1380: described in 1417 as "Dominus de Schewes" near Aberdeen. The head of this line today is Robert Maitland of Balhalgardy, near Inverurie. His house is built close to the site of the Battle of Harlaw (July 24, 1411).  50,000 highlanders fought against 10,000 defenders of Aberdeen. The conflict was bloody and indecisive, both parties having retreated under the cover of darkness. Maitlands have farmed there since that battle in which their forebear left his plough to join the conflict.

John Mautallent married first Felicia in 1350 and secondly Agnes. Agnes was the sister of George Dunbar, Earl of March; from whom John had a charter dated August 23rd, 1369 for the landsin Dumfriesshire  of Tybres (Tibbers) excluding the castle. John's son  Sir Robert Mauteland, Knight of Thirlestane was born before 1364. He was knighted by 1390, and in 1401 obtained a crown charter of the lands of Tibbers, less the castle formerly held by the Earl of March. In 1422 he is described as Lord of Lethington. Robert married Marion Abernethy in 1392. They had three sons: James Maitland of Auchenbreck in Dumfriesshire; Robert Maitland, one of the hostages for the ransom of King James 1st in 1424; and William Matelande of Thirlestane. James founded the Eccles and Dundrennan lines including later on the Fuller-Maitlands and the Maitlands of Loughton in Essex. Some fifteen generations later the family still live at Cumstoun, Kirkcudbrightshire in the south-west of Scotland. Robert died without issue. William became Matelande of Thirlestane.

William Matelande de Thirlestane in 1450 mortgaged Thirlestane (old Thirlestane, the peel tower two miles south of the present castle) to Alexander Forrester of Corstorphine whose family retained technical possession until the debt was cleared by Sir Richard Maitland in 1586. By 1404 he is described as "of Ledington" and married to Margaret Wardlaw. His son, John Maitland, is described as heir apparent in 1404.

William Maitland of Lethington was heir to his grandfather William of Lethington. He was reduced at the instance of his Aunt Margaret Edmonstone who sought to bastardise him, but he maintained his claim and recovered his inheritance. He married Martha or Margaret, daughter of George, 2nd Lord Seton, William, alongside King James VI of Scotland and twelve Scottish Earls, was killed when they were defeated by the forces of King Henry VIII at Flodden, near the River Tweed, on September 9th, 1513.

Sir Richard Maitland of Lethington (1496 - 1586) was made Senator of the College of Justice in 1561, Lord Privy Seal from 1562 to 1567. As a historian he is known for his history of his maternal family, the House of Seton. He was a collector of Scots poetry and a noted poet himself. He married Mary, daughter of Sir Thomas Cranston of Crombie. In later years, when afflicted by blindness, he sat at the window in the Great Hall of Lethington Tower dictating his verses to his devoted daughter Mary. These, the earliest collection of Scots verse,  are now the prized possession of Magdalene College, Cambridge. Sir Richard died on the 20th of March 1586 at the age of ninety. He was one of the best and most honourable men of his time. He had three sons and four daughters.

Secretary Maitland 1558

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William Maitland of Lethington, Secretary Maitland

Sir Richard’s eldest son was William Maitland of Lethington. He was Principal Secretary of State to Mary, Queen of Scots in 1558 and was Privy Councillor in 1561. A subtle, diplomat anxious to bring his own country and England closer together, William was nicknamed "Michael Wily" a felicitous corruption of Machiavelli. He is a much maligned and misunderstood statesman, and however we interpret his political activities, there can be no question as to his loyalty and devotion to the Throne of Scotland. He married Mary Fleming in 1567. She was the daughter of Malcolm, 3rd Lord Fleming. She was one of the Queen’s four Maries or ladies in waiting,  Mary Fleming accompanied her Queen to the French court, and was brought up amidst the Renaissance splendours of that court. William and Mary had one son, James (see below) and a daughter. William died in 1573, after defending Edinburgh Castle in the Queen's interest.

For longer articles on William - go to   William Maitland Early Career
                                                                William Maitland and the Reformation Parliament

                                                               Willian Maitland - Secretary to the Queen - the happy years 

 

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John Maitland, 1st Baron Thirlestane, Chancellor Maitland

Sir John Maitland, 1st Lord Thirlestane was William’s younger brother. John was born in 1545. He received a Charter of Lethington which was ratified by Parliament on the 22nd of May, 1584.  He bought Lethington in 1613 (probably at a very low price) from his  nephew, James Maitland of Lethington, son of William, who had been exiled from Scotland because of his Catholic religion.. 

Having  filled the high offices of the Lord  Privy Seal, Judge of the Court of Session, Secretary of State and Lord Chancellor of Scotland he was elevated to Lord  Thirlestane  about 18th of May, 1590 when the King married Anne  of Denmark and created a number of peers to celebrate the occasion. His coat-of-arms and those of his wife Janet Fleming (the niece of his brothers wife), can be seen on a stone panel above the door in the old banqueting hall of the Lethington Tower. By marrying Janet, daughter of Lady Barbara Hamilton and James, IV Lord Fleming, he allied the line of his descendants with royal blood. Janet was descended from King James II of Scotland. John died in 1595.

James Maitland of Lethington went into exile in the Low Countries as a result of religious persecution  following his conversion to Catholicism. James lived in poverty in Antwerp. His daughter Elizabeth became a lay sister at the French convent of Port Royal (near Versailles, as did her youngrr (unnamed) siser, and a brother became a Jesuit priest.  

 

 

Lethington, now Lennoxlove

John Maitland, Second Lord Maitland, son of the first Baron, was born in 1585. In 1610 he married Isabel Seton, daughter of Alexander, Earl of Dunfermline. In the banqueting hall which was originally the main living room of Lethington Tower, is seen the lion rampant of the Maitlands.  On April 2nd 1616 he was created Viscount of Lauderdale and in 1624 on March 14th was made Lord Thirlestane and Boltoun, Viscount Maitland and 1st Earl of Lauderdale. He died in 1645.   Boltoun is a small village on the northern slope of Lammermuir, just a few miles south of Lethington.

The Duke of Lauderdale 1616 - 1682     John, Duke of Lauderdale 
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John Maitland, son of the 1st Earl, was born on the 24th of May 1616. He married Anne, daughter of Alexander, 1st Earl of Home, He was a man of great abilities and accomplishments and one of the leading politicians of his age.  He was deeply engaged with the Covenanters in the beginning of the Civil War. When a young man, he was one of the Commissioners appointed by the Church of Scotland to meet with the Assembly of Divines at Westminster in 1643. In 1647 he was commissioned by the Scottish Parliament to treat with His Majesty King Charles 1 at Hampton Court, and shortly after commanded a regiment of horse in the Psrliamentary army at the Battle of Marston Moor, the decisive battle of the civil war, where he distinguished himself byenterprise and bravery. Soon after, he had a change of heart and became a supporter of the royalist cause, and brought horsemen to rescue Charles from captivity near London.  After the murder (30 January 1649) of King Charles had been perpetrated Lauderdale went to Holland to offer himself heart and deed to his new liege lord, Charles II. He accompanied him to the fatal Battle of Worcester in 1651, where the Earl was taken prisoner, and sent to the Tower of London andother prisons for nine years. At the Restoration he was released. The King had the highest regard for his great learning and wisdom as well as knowledge of affairs of State. He loved him both for his fidelity and his ability, and Lauderdale became Secretary for Scotland at the Restoration in 1660. In 1669 he became the High Commissioner for Scotland, which gave him virtually royal powers. He took his seat in that famous cabinet council known as the CABAL Administration, his initial L giving the final letter to the word Cabal (meaning a clique) , formed from the initials of the five who composed the Council; (Clifford, Arlington, Buckingham, Ashley & Lauderdale).            

After his separation from Anne in 1669 and her death in Paris in 1671 he married Elizabeth Murray, Countess of Dysart, widow of Sir Lionel Tolmash on February 17, 1671-2. A few months before he had been elevated to the Dukedom and received the Order of the Knight of the Garter. The Duke of Lauderdale died on August 24th, 1682.

He was an avid builder and decorator, extending both Thirlestane Castle, in Scotland, built by his grandfather, and Ham House, near London owned by his wife.  He was also responsible for the extension and decoration of the Royal Palace of Holyroodhouse in Edinburgh.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ham House, shown above right, still has the furniture and paintings which he and his wife bought for it, as listed in the inventories of 1679 and 1683, together with a fine collection of paintings acquired by William Murray, his wife's father.

Holyroodhouse in Edinburgh has the same magnificent plaster ceilings as those at Thirlestane, and the ceiling at Ham follow a similar design.

For longer articles on the Duke, go to

  Duke Biography Early career                Part 1 1616 to 1650   

                              In Power in Scotland  Part 2   1650 to 1683

  Thirlestane Castle, near Lauder, about 25 miles south east of Edinburgh remains in family hands, and is one of the finest houses in Scotland, with marvellous ceilings, good furniture and paintings, and is a must to visit on any trip to Scotland.

It also has a fine collection of family portraits, as well as some very good early 20th century paintings.

His brother Charles Maitland of Haltoun or Hatton became the 3rd Earl of Lauderdale. He was a Senator of the College of Justice with the title of Lord Haltoun and Lord Treasurer Depute in 1670. He married Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Richard Lauder of Haltoun, County of Edinburgh. Charles died on June 9th, 1691.

 

Charles was one of the Privy Council of Charles II and Lord Justice General and General of the Mint from 1681 to 1684.

Richard the 4th Earl of Lauderdale, son of Charles  married  Lady Anne Campbell, daughter of Archibald, Earl of Argyll. In1694 he was outlawed for his adherence to James II of England, VII of Scotland who had been overthrown by an alliance of Englishmen and William of Orange, later William III of England. Born June 20th, 1653, but died without issue in France in 1695. His brother John became the 5th Earl of Lauderdale.

John, 5th Earl of Lauderdale, married Lady Margaret Cunningham. He was a Senator of the College of Justice, sitting as Lord Ravelrig.  He was also created Baronet of Nova Scotia.  He died on August 30, 1710.

18th Century        

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Charles, the son of John, became the 6th Earl of Lauderdale, a Lord Lieutenant and High Sheriff of the County of Edinburgh and also Master of the Mint. He was one of the sixteen Scottish Peers in the ninth Parliament of Great Britain. On July 15, 1710 he married Lady Elizabeth Ogilvie, daughter of James, Earl of Findlater and Seafield. Charles was the last Lord Chancellor of Scotland. He died on July 15, 1744. He had two brothers and a sister.

During the 1745 rebellion a Maitland, the Episcopalian Parish Minister of Crieff, celebrated Holy Communion for the Jacobite forces on the battlefield at Culloden Moor near Inverness by repute using oat cakes and whiskey for lack of bread and wine.

Colonel Richard Maitland, one of the Earl’s nephews, distinguished himself at the capture of the capture of Quebec in 1759. He became Deputy Adjutant General of Quebec in 1760 and for North America in 1764. He commanded the British Garrison in New York, and was married on his deathbed by the Curate of Holy Trinity Church, Wall Street. He died in 1772. Our present Chief is descended from him.

Another nephew, Richard’s younger brother, The Honourable John Maitland, Lieutenant Colonel of the 71st Foot distinguished himself on several occasions during the American Revolution particularly at Stoneferry (1779) when he was able to repulse 5000 men under Lincoln with his own force of 100 men. He died unmarried, as the result of his efforts in defending Savannah, Georgia against French and American forces. This exploit is commemorated at the US  Marine Corps Museum at Parris Island, the only Amrican memorial that we know of to commemorate the action of an opponent!

 

James, 7th Earl of Lauderdale was the son of Charles, 6th Earl. He was born on January 25, 1718. He was a Lieutenant Colonel of the 16th Foot. He was also the High Sheriff to the County of Edinburgh and a Representative Peer of Scotland. On April 24,1749 he married Mary Turner Lombe the daughter and co-heir of Sir Thomas Lombe who was an Alderman of the City of London. During the 1745 rebellion he kept a low profile, and did not support the Jacobites.   Prince Charlie did, however, stay at Thirlestane in his absence. James died on August 17, 1789.

19th Century   

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James, born on January 26, 1759, became the 8th Earl of Lauderdale. He married Eleanor Todd on August 15,1782. She was the only daughter of Anthony Todd, the Postmaster General. James was created Baron Lauderdale of Thirlestane, County of Berwick a United Kingdom peerage. He was a Knight of the Thistle. James was a doughty pamphleteer and one of Britain’s early economists, being the first serious commentator on and critic of Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations. He originated the line of economic thinking which was systemized by John Maynard Keynes in the 1920’s. His library is now at the Tokyo Keizai (Economic) University. He passed away on September 15, 1839.

In this period three other Maitlands were noted in the military field. Captain ( later Admiral) Frederick Lewis Maitland of Lindores commanded H.M.S. Bellerophon when that ship intercepted Napoleon in his attempt to escape from Rochefort in western France to America after the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.  Below: HMS Bellerophon at Torbay

                              HMS Bellerophon

Sir Thomas Maitland (died 1824), son of the VIIth Earl, known as ‘King Tom’, was successively appointed Governor General of Ceylon and Malta and Ionian Islands. He had also originated the idea to create the British Order of St. Michael and St. George (1818). It is now reserved for members of the Diplomatic Service who attain high rank.

Sir Peregrine Maitland had an astonishing military career. He was born July 6, 1777 at Longparish House, in Hampshire, and joined the army when he was only fifteen. Within two years he was a captain. When war broke out with France, promotions came quickly. At the Battle of Waterloo in 1815, he was a Major-General and was placed by Wellington in charge of the famed 1st Brigade of Guards (later named the Grenadier Guards). He is known  for Wellington’s words: "Now, Maitland, now's your time". At that Maitland gave his order: "Up Guards and at em". The resultant volley from his regiment at a range of 20 yards destroyed the French Imperial Guard, and was the decisive moment of the Battle of Waterloo.  Romance has, however, contributed a little glamour. Maitland had proposed to the daughter of the Duke of Richmond at the Duchess' Ball on the eve of the Battle of Waterloo. As an officer living on his pay, Maitland was not considered a suitable match, but Wellington interceded for him with the Duke of Richmond. The young couple were forgiven by the Duke, who was about to go to Canada to become Governor-in-Chief, packed up his son-in-law and brought him out to be Lieutenant-Governor of Upper Canada. He governed from 1818 to 1828. If Sir Peregrine Maitland was ever popular, it was only with the upper class. When Sir Peregrine  was recalled to England, the feeling at his departure was mainly one of open relief. He was appointed to a series of highly influential positions by the British government including the post of Lieutenant-Governor of Nova Scotia (settlements of Canada are named after him) and Governor of the Cape of Good Hope ( a suburb of Capetown is named after him). He died in 1854 at the age of 76 in his home in Eaton Place in London.   Sir Peregrine's forebears are believed to be from the Pittrichie branch of the Aberdeenshire Maitlands.

James Maitland, 1st son of James, was the 9th Earl of Lauderdale. He was born May 12, 1784 and died on August 22, 1860. He never married.

Anthony, the 2nd son of James was the 10th Earl of Lauderdale. He was born on June 10,1785 and died unmarried on March 22, 1863. He had received the Order of the Bath (G.C.B.) and the Order of St. Michael and St. George (K.C.M.G.). He was Admiral of the Royal Navy.

The 11th Earl of Lauderdale was Thomas Maitland. He was born February 3, 1803 and in 1828 married Amelia the daughter of William Young of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. He received the Order of the Bath (G.C.B.), was an Admiral of the Royal Navy and principal naval A.D.C. to Queen Victoria. He was a representative Peer for Scotland and a Knight of King Charles III of Spain. He extended Thirlestane Castle by building the north and south wings which form the top bar of the "T" formation of the castle. He died on September 1, 1878.

Charles, born on September 29, 1822 was the 12th Earl of Lauderdale. He died unmarried on August 13, 1884 from a lightning strike whilst out shooting on the moors above Thirlestane.

Frederick Henry became the 13th Earl of Lauderdale, Viscount Lauderdale and Maitland, Lord Thirlestane and Boltoun, Baronet of Nova Scotia, but only after fighting an expensive lawsuit against his cousin Sir James Maitland Gibson, Bt, who also claimed the Earldom. The case went to the House of lords in 1885.  Frederick became a  representative Peer for Scotland. Before inheriting the title he was Lieutenant Colonel of the Bengal staff corps, known as the 8th and 4th Hussars. He was the Lord Lieutenant of County Berwick (1889-1901) and Deputy Lieutenant of Counties Haddington and Berwick. He was born December 14, 1840. His first marriage on November 28,1883 was to Charlotte Sarah, daughter of Lt. Col. B.W.A. Sleigh of the 77th Regiment. His second wife was Ada Twyford, daughter of the Rev. H.T. Simpson, Rector of Adel, Yorkshire. He died in 1924.

20th Century - politicians and academics

During this period  Frederick William Maitland (1850 — 1906) was an legal scholar and historian. He was educated at Cambridge University, and is regarded as their most prominent historian. In 1884 he was a Reader and from 1895 a Downing Professor of English Law at Downing College, Cambridge. His most important work is the History of English Law (1895). He published Domesday Book and Beyond in 1897 and other legal works. A century after being written, his books are still the standard works on their subject. There is a memorial to him in Westminster Abbey, London.

Paul Maitland 1883 - 1909 was an impressionist painter working in London, mainly Chelsea and Kensington. 20 of his paintings are in the Tate Gallery

 

                                    Frederick Colin became the 14th Earl of Lauderdale. He was born April 12,1868 entered the army   at the age of 13, served in the South African War of 1899 - 1901, and raised a regiment of cavalry for it - the Rough Riders. On April 16, 1890 he married Gwendoline Lucy, daughter of Judge R.Vaughan Williams of Bodlonfa, Flintshire. He became a Brigadier in the Royal Company of Archers and served with several regiments including the Scots Guards and the Royal Scots Greys as well as being an honorary colonel in the County of London Yeomen. He was also a Justice of the Peace and Deputy Lieutenant of the County of Berwick.

 

 

 

 

 

 

The 15th Earl of Lauderdale was Ian Colin, son of Frederick Colin. He was born on January 30, 1891 and was married on November 11,1912 to Ethel Mary (Ivy), the daughter of James Jardine Bell Irvine of Makerstoun, Kelso. Ian died in 1953.

The Rev. Alfred Sydney Frederick Maitland became the 16th Earl of Lauderdale;  he was born on April 17, 1904. He first married in 1938 to Nora Mary LaTouche and his second marriage was to Irene Alice Mary in 1940. Irene was the daughter of the Rev. C.P. Shipton. Alfred died in 1968.

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Patrick Francis Maitland, 17th Earl of Lauderdale succeeded his brother on November 27, 1968. He was born on March 17, 1911. He married Stanka, the eldest daughter of Professor Milivoye Losanitch of Belgrade, Yugoslavia. Patrick was a war correspondent during the second world war. He had sent his wife and family to New York before the impending invasion by Germany into Yugoslavia. He has two daughters and two sons. Ian, Master of Lauderdale, Lady  Militza Maitland and The Rev The Honourable Sydney Maitland have attended the reunions held in North America as have their father on many occasions. Around 1961 the Earl restored the Lauderdale Aisle (built by the Earl of Lauderdale about 1635) to be used as a Chapel by the mainstream churches; it was consecrated by the Anglican Bishop of Edinburgh as the Shrine of Our Lady of Haddington, to be known as the Three Kings Chapel and the Shrine of Our Lady of Haddington. The Shrine is located in St. Mary’s Parish Kirk in Haddington, Scotland. Each year a pilgrimage is held for all faiths to attend.
He died on 2nd December 2008.

17th Earl reports outbreak of World War II 

                                                            Ian Maitland is the present chief and the 18th Earl of Lauderdale.  Born in Belgrade in 1937 he was brought up in New York during the second World War, returning to the UK in 1945. He married Ann Paule Clark in 1963 and has two children, Lady Sarah Maitland Parks and John, the The Master of Lauderdale, Viscount Maitland, born in 1965. He has homes in England and Scotland.
    
The Chief worked in marketing, stockbroking and finally banking, where he was the Senior Regional Manager for Africa and the Middle East for National Westminster Bank, now a part of the Royal Bank of Scotland. In this role he travelled to all the countries in the Middle East and many in Africa. Following retirement from the bank he established a consultancy advising the London School of Economics on marketing, and also conducted courses in Europe, Africa and Asia on evaluating bank and country risk.
   
He is a member of the Queen's Bodyguard for Scotland, the Royal Company of Archers, and has been active in archery as well as performing ceremonial duties for the Sovereign. He is also a Freeman of the City of London.
    Whilst at university he read history, which has formed the basis for much of the recent research on our family, and identified the link between the Maitlands of Scotland and the Mautalent family of Normandy from which we are all descended.

 

 

 

Agnes Catherine Maitland, was the second principal of Somerville College, Oxford. She died in 1906. Sir Herbert Lethington-Maitland (died 1923) was a noted surgeon in Australia. Mr. John Alexander Fuller-Maitland  (died 1936) was for many years music correspondent of the London Times.  

Sir Arthur Steel-Maitland  (died 1935) was Minister of Labour in the Baldwin government at the time of the general strike in Britain during 1926. Air Commodore Edward Eric Maitland CMG (died 1921) kept the log of the Airship R34 when crossing the Atlantic in 1919 from which a crew member descended by parachute to become the first man to arrive in the United States by air.

During the 1939-1945 war, two clansfolk were famous — Field Marshal Sir Henry Maitland-Wilson commanded in the Middle East and then succeeded General Eisenhower as Supreme Allied Commander, Mediterranean in January 1944. He commanded the successful campaign against the German armies in Italy. He was an excellent strategist and tactician, and also well known for keeping the best Mess in North Africa and for his saying "Any damn fool can be uncomfortable".

Diana Rowden, whose mother was a Maitland-Makgill-Crichton served in the Maquis in France, was captured, and executed by being thrown into a furnace at the Nazweiller Concentration Camp. The last Viscount Maitland, Ivor Colin James was killed in action serving in the Lothian and Border Horse, a tank regiment, in North Africa near Tunis on January 18, 1943.

In our present time, one of Britain’s leading Diplomats was Sir Donald Maitland, K.C.M.G, U.K. Permanent Representative to the European Communities in Brussels, Belgium. 

Sara Maitland, a noted author, has written several novels, received the Somerset Maugham Award for her "Daughter of Jerusalem" and has been a contributor to the Clan Year Book.

Lady Olga Maitland, the Chief’s eldest daughter, represented Sutton and Cheam, Surrey in the House of Commons from 1992 to 1997. She was secretary of the Back Bench Committee on Northern Ireland Affairs and obtained office as Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Minister of State for Northern Ireland.  

Captain The Hon Gerald Maitland Carew DL is active in local affairs, Deputy Lieutenant (Queen's Representative) for Berwickshire, and a member of the Jockey Club Committee.  He has been indefatigable in the restoration and conservation of Thirlestane Castle , and gave the historic parts of the castle to the Thirlestane Castle Trust.

Coat of Arms                                        Top

Extract of matriculation of the Arms of the 18th Earl of Lauderdale

Or a lion rampant gules couped at all his joints of the field within a Royal tressure flory counterflory azure, in a dexter canton Argent a saltire Azure, surmounted of an inestucheon Or, charged with a lion rampant within a double tressure flory counter-flory Gules, being the addition of Nova Scotia as a baronet, above the Shield from which is pendent by its proper riband the Badge of a Baronet of Nova Scotia, is based His lordships Coronet, thereon an Helm befitting his degree with a Mantling Gules doubled Ermine and on a Wreath of the Liveries is set for Crest a lion sejant affrontee Gules ducally crowned, in his Dexter paw a sword of the last, hilted and pommelled Or, and in his sinister a fleur de lys Azure, and in an Escrol over the same this Motto (Consilio et Animis": and on a Compartment below the Shield are set for Supporters, two eagles, and behind the shield in saltire proper two representations of the Sovereign’s National Flag of Scotland (Cross of St. Andrew), fringed Or, ropes and tassels of the last as Insignia of Office of the Honourable Office of Bearer for the Sovereign of the Sovereign’s National Flag of Scotland.

Source: Matriculation of the Arms of the Earl of Lauderdale, extracted from the 4th page of the 64th Volume of the Public Register of All Arms and Bearings in Scotland

Crest

A lion sejant affrontee gules ducally crowned proper, holding in the dexter paw a sword proper pommel and hilt or, in the sinister a fleur-de-lis azure.

Motto:

Consilio et animis = By Wisdom and Courage

The first use of this phrase of which we are aware was by Bishop Isidore  of Seville in the 6th century: "Men whose wisdom and courage make them worthy of heaven are called heroes"

Other coats of arms

The arms described above are those of the 17th Earl of Lauderdale. Other members of the Maitland family also bore arms, and their coats of arms differed materially from those of the Earl, though in many cases they included the rampant lion and also the lion crest, albeit with different colour scheme

 

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Any questions?  Contact the Chief at     "chief#@ clan#maitland.org.uk"
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Clan Maitland

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